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U.S. Mint Department of the Treasury General Horatio Gates, America's First Medals

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Description

General Horatio Gates

is honored on the second in the U.S. Mint's ten-piece

series of pewter reproductions of America's First

Medals, voted by the Continental Congress to com-

memorate the decisive military actions of the Revolu-

tionary War. This medal was awarded for the defeat of

British plans to isolate New England by occupying the

Hudson Valley. French engraver Nicolas Marie Gatteaux

executed the original gold medal. The obverse features

a bust of General Gates, facing left, and a Latin

inscription: "The American Congress to Horatio Gates,

a valiant general.” On the reverse, with "The safety of

the northern regions” inscribed above in Latin, General

Burgoyne surrenders his sword to General Gates while

the vanquished troops, at left, ground their arms and

standards and victorious Americans fly their colors.

Latin inscription below: "The enemy surrendered at

Saratoga on the 17th of October 1777."

Fort Stanwix Holds Out

General Gates received this medal after a series of

battles which led to the British surrender at Saratoga.

The British General Burgoyne had intended to take

Albany and establish winter quarters there. Colonel St.

Leger moved down the Mohawk Valley to join him. In

his path was Fort Stanwix (Schuyler); on August 3,

St. Leger laid siege. General Nicholas Herkimer was

engagement at Freeman's Farm, to the north, near

American entrenchments on Bemis Heights. In the

rough terrain American frontier tactics proved superior

to repeated British charges. But when Americans

threatened the British flank Hessian reinforcements

forced them to withdraw. The British entrenched there

to await further aid. Three weeks later, when help did

not come, Burgoyne sought a second engagement. His

losses were heavy and when darkness fell he withdrew

to the Great Redoubt at one corner of the battlefield

and then to a fortified camp at Saratoga. But the

American force, grown to nearly 20,000 men, surrounded

Burgoyne's exhausted army at Saratoga. In the face

of great odds, Burgoyne was forced to surrender.

IF YOU ARE NOT SATISFIED YOU CAN RETURN THE ITEM FOR A FULL REFUND, (ACTUAL ITEM IN PICTURES)

 

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U.S. Mint Department of the Treasury General Horatio Gates, America's First Medals

U.S. Mint Department of the Treasury General Horatio Gates, America's First Medals

$10.00 $15.00

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